Instructions for the Analysis of Primaries

What Is the Rubric Used to Measure Your Content and Your Following the 5 Good Habits for Evidence. 1

What Is an Analysis?. 1

What Is the Safe Subject and What Are Your Other Choices?. 1

What’s the Order of What You Do If You Are Writing on the Safe Subject?. 1

Requirements for Teaching the Best Truth You Can Understand and Using Sources That Help You Catch On. 1

Requirements for Reading, Length, and Language in Your Analysis. 1

Required Safe Primaries and Other Required Documents in the Folder. 1

Requirements for Shortened Citations of the Documents for Your Analysis. 1

Resources Available as Links on This Webpage. 1

What Is an Analysis in This History Class?. 1

If You Want to Know Why We Use These Shortened Citations. 1

Brain Trick for Quoting and Avoiding Quotation Humiliation. 1


What Is the Rubric Used to Measure Your Content and Your Following the 5 Good Habits for Evidence

Click here for more on the rubric and how to use it as a grader or as someone graded. (This opens in a New Window.) You can also look at the link immediately under Evidence Quiz 1 in Evidence Requirements.

What Is an Analysis?

This is an Analysis of Primaries for a history class. Don’t assume a prior writing assignment for an English class is what is needed since the goal is reading and writing that help you learn history.

Click here for what does your history teacher means by the word analysis. (This link stays on this webpage.)

What Is the Safe Subject and What Are Your Other Choices?

Because some students had difficulties in looking at all of the primaries provided for this course and deciding what to do, this course includes a Plan for a Safe Subject. It has pre-chosen primaries.

If you want to look at the list of all of the primaries in US History I, please ask and I will make the list available to you. We can talk about an equivalent Subject and primaries to use. If we can work that out, I will provide a general Plan file for that and answer any questions you have.

What’s the Order of What You Do If You Are Writing on the Safe Subject?

Look at the things below this webpage in this folder and follow them in order to the bottom.

1.       Below this webpage, download the Plan file by clicking on:  
File to Download to Submit the Plan for the Safe Subject.

2.       Look in the folder Required Primaries, the Instructor’s Cautions, and Maps and read the documents and examine the maps.

3.       For each primary, determine what pages you need from the textbook. (I highly recommend that you try this before you do step 4. It is good practice for your brain.)

To do this, you

·         First, use the index at the back of the book to locate pages in the textbook that apply to each primary.

·         Second, read each page to determine if the page has information not only on the primary, but also on the Safe Subject provided below.

·         Third, if a page does apply, list it as necessary for the primary.

·         Fourth, when you write, you use the information and cite the pages following the instructions for citing.



4.       Look below the folder to find your Instructor’s Safe Textbook Pages. Compare your page numbers with mine.
Tip: When you are doing this step, you are also planning exactly how you will write this analysis. You need to think this through.

5.       After you sign the sheet in class that you have checked (or will check) these pages, your instructor will enter 1.11 for your Plan grade. That 1.11 makes the Turnitin Assignment for the paper visible to you.
(The grade you earn for your paper determines the final grade for your plan.)

6.       Download the preformatted file for your Analysis by clicking on:
Preformatted File to Download and Complete for the Analysis of Primaries

7.       Type your Analysis and its citations in the preformatted file, proof it and the citations carefully, and submit your file to Turnitin by clicking on:
Analysis of Primaries  (Turnitin Assignment Tool to Submit Your Actual Analysis)

Tip: Look at Turnitin’s feedback on language and more important for your history grade on similarity—on plagiarism. If your text is marked as similar, notice what Turnitin says is the source. If you should have placed “” around words or other problems, fix it. In your course, you can fix and resubmit until the last day the assignment is open.

8.       Make sure you see your digital receipt. That confirms that you submitted correctly. You do not need to print it or provide it to me.

Tip You may want make a snippet if needed.


Requirements for Teaching the Best Truth You Can Understand and Using Sources That Help You Catch On

You must write on the Safe Subject. You also must use and cite in your writing:

a)      Each of the primaries listed in on this webpage and the maps.
Caution: an Analysis without all of the primaries discussed and cited in the paper results in a mark in the “F” column of the rubric.

b)      The pages of the Essentials text that you identified for each primary (after you compare it with your instructor’s list).

Requirements for Reading, Length, and Language in Your Analysis


The primaries listed below. Be sure to notice the parts you are to read.

The textbook pages that you identify for each of the primaries using the instructions below. Be sure to compare them with your instructor’s list of pages provided below the folder with the primaries.


Use only the heading shown in the file – your name and date and the exact Safe Subject you are writing about.

Safe Subject

Examine laws about slavery and their consequences on the developing nation as revealed by the 3 primaries and the 2 maps.

Safe Primaries

See the list in the next heading and below that how to do the required citation.


330 words maximum – Less is better.

It cannot be more than one (1) printed page.


You used a pre-formatted file provided at the bottom of the Analysis of Primaries folder. Do not change the font size (10 points), the font (Calibri), the margins (1” on the left and .5” on the right) and the paragraph setting (double space).

The pre-formatted file is an .rtf file (Rich Text Format). You may work in that file or you may save it to another file type that Turnitin accepts. Turnitin accepts these types of files:

·         A Microsoft Word document (.doc or .docx)

·         An Adobe file (.pdf)

·         An Open Office document (.odt)


Make sure it is accurate, especially if you are quoting something. Keep it simple by using this Brain Trick (goes to the bottom of this webpage).

General clarity

Read and plan carefully, being sure to record the exact page numbers as you work. Type in a word processor and run spell and grammar checking. Print it and proof it. (To proof = to compare side by side paper and source to be sure page numbers and facts and names and quotations and everything is correct.)


Required Safe Primaries and Other Required Documents in the Folder

See examples of how to cite in the next heading.

Primary or Required Document

Words for Citation

1785, 1787 Map of Northwest Ordinance –“slavery was banned from the western region (but slaves already there would remain slaves)” (Essentials, p. 185)

NW Map

1789 - The Constitution – searchable online (Available from many locations.) – For the Analysis, use only page 19 which has grouped in 1 place the slavery issues in the initial Constitution in 1789.


Instructor’s 2 Cautions

2 Cautions

Instructor’s link with the second Caution

2 Cautions link

1820 Map of the Missouri Compromise (It also shows the rest of the Louisiana Purchase that will not have slavery.)

MO Map

1820, February - John Quincy Adams on the agitation and future of the Missouri Compromise –For the Analysis, notice what Adams describes is going on at the cabinet level.

J.Q. Adams

1820, March - Transcript of Missouri Compromise (1820) – For the Analysis, use only SEC. 8. Notice only the admission of Missouri and what happens to the rest of the Louisiana Territory.

MO Compromise


Requirements for Shortened Citations of the Documents for Your Analysis

Do not use lengthy citation statements within parentheses () as is done with MLA. You are trying to teach history accurately to someone like yourself. You are not collecting research and quoting from it. You all have the same sources and so you do not want to get a lot of words get between you and your fellow students. Do these things for this writing assignment:

What You Want to Cite

Example of How You Would Cite

If the fact is from a primary for the Safe Subject for the Plan 

Example: the primary the Constitution (online and available in the folder)
If your fact is from page 19 (and it should be since it is the only page you use from the Constitution), then immediately after your fact you’d write: (Constitution, p. 19)

If the fact is from the textbook, the Essentials edition

If your fact is from page 75 of the textbook, then immediately after your fact you’d write: (Essentials, p. 75)



Resources Available as Links on This Webpage

What Is an Analysis in This History Class?

Sometimes it is clearest start with what an Analysis is not. An Analysis in this class is:


This is a history class and the goal to help you learn history. One of the hardest things for students to understand about history is that it what was true at the beginning of a time period can be amazingly different at the end of it—sometimes for the better and sometimes for the worse. History changes! If it didn’t, humans could never have a consequence on the present and future. What makes history change is something worth noticing if you want to survive your present and, perhaps what is more important, if you want to try to maintain what is good in your present.


What do you do when you write an Analysis for this history class? You:

1.     Use the Safe Subject Plan or choose a subject you want to examine. (Ask if you want to know about that.)

2.     Read the primaries and the textbook pages about the time periods of those primaries.

3.     Work until you figure the subject out well enough that could explain it—for example—to your smart cousin who wants to understand.


If You Want to Know Why We Use These Shortened Citations

The reasons are:

  1. All of your written assignments are brief and have a maximum word count. If you used traditional MLA citation which is written inline (within your lines of text), you would use up your word count much faster. You could end up with a paper that says little but is full of lots of long citation.

  2. History’s standard, the Chicago Manual of Style, provides rigorous citation, but not inline. Instead, it uses endnotes (citation at the end of the paper) or footnotes (citation at the bottom of the page) to provide citation.

    In other words, citation is there but it is not in the way of communication of the history. The citation is not written within your lines of text because of how historians write about history.
    1. They are helping people understand the past.
    2. That is your job in this course as well. Why? When you try to help someone understand history, you start to understand it yourself. If you want to understand something, try to teach it.

  3. In this class, you use these shortened citation format so that citation is as unobtrusive as possible.


Offer: With the paper you submit through Turnitin, you may try endnotes. They are very powerful as a tool to try to figure things out. If you want to try that, contact me and I will make examples visible to you and answer your questions about the mechanics of making them in Microsoft Word.

Brain Trick for Quoting and Avoiding Quotation Humiliation

Click here for additional tips. (This tip is also available from the tutorial at the top of Evidence Requirements.)

The rules for showing what you have taken out (…) of the author’s words or put in ([ ]) are complex and for most of us they are not worth learning.


This brain trick lets you be accurate but avoid learning those rules:

  1. Choose 3 to 6 words to quote and change nothing (not an ing or an ed, not a comma, nothing) between the first and the last word.

  2. Put abefore the first word and a after the last word.

  3. Place those words with the “ ”within your sentence.


  1. If something sounds awkward about your sentences, then change your own words—the only words you have a right to change.


  1. Look at all of the words in the source. Be sure the meaning of the source remains in your quotation.





Copyright C. J. Bibus, Ed.D. 2003-2017


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