Proposal Tips (and any writing about reality tips)– an analysis stage that is pre-writing

Page ranges too big (like 110-120)– why dangerous

Avoid summaries as sources – why dangerous

Pages must be narrowed to match the content and exact topic and, with primaries, each of these:

·         Time

·         Person

·         Situation

Best resource – the index

Unit 1 – Offers

Offer 1 – If you just want to confirm that you understand all feedback and do not plan to write any more written work (and thus no points for them), full content (20 points) and full Good Habits for Evidence (20 points) for Unit 1 Writing instead of the grades on the paper.

Offer 2 (the better offer for your future and for points) – If you either understand the feedback or want help from me (and I’m glad to do it for each of you), you want to try to avoid these errors in Unit 2 Writing.

If you don’t have those errors, then the grades (including the full 20 for the Good Habits from Unit 2 will replace Unit 1’s.

Evidence- Graded Papers

How done


What it means

·         Means the prof can prove the problems

·         Means—if the prof missed something (and everyone makes mistakes), you can show the issues that might mean the prof was wrong


Why do this if you do know you are making these errors – So you know a prof can prove this.

Why if you don’t know – So you know how you are hurting your future


Either way I will be glad to invest in you.


Temptors That Turn a Good (Even a Great) Brain to Mush

Writing with the book open (Remedy: open/close)

Thinking about what you are going to write instead of what you need to teach

Unless the prof or boss asks for it, these things have little reward and high risk

Know everything so you are true; don’t try to say it.
Make sure everything you say is true.

Consider: If no one would want to pay you for a skill, don’t practice it.

About the Rubric and How It Works and How a Student Is the Reason for the 5 Good Habits for Evidence


Guys, I’m not worried about any of your brains. It’s your habits that are zapping you. Choose your habits.

About Endnotes and Why They Are a Lifelong Skill for Jobs That Pay Well



Proposal Feedback Details – Updated on 4/03 because of a student following the directions and asking for additional pages to be included

If you had a note about page 91 on your proposal:

Add 91 (see my copied page with highlights in both Chapter 2 and Chapter 3’s Figuring it Out) and 68-69 AND be careful. Africans in the 1620s were sometimes slaves and sometimes indentured servants. New Africans after the 1660s were automatically slaves


If you had a note about seeing the list:

·         Slave laws 1660s Virginia/Maryland- 68-69 and 91 (With 91, be sure to use the color-coded version.)
Additional page based on student request: 74 (Only the single paragraph on working conditions—nothing else on that page.)


·         Truth – 403 for background on her and  364-366


·         Sharecropping  526 but read the background on the prior page for context
Additional pages based on student request: 594-596 (Only the information on working conditions and be careful to identify when you are talking about sharecropping in this different time.)



Unit 2 Possible Written Questions

Prepare 1 (ONE) for each of the 6 questions below. Fate will decide which one you have to write on.

Compare the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution on 1 (ONE) of these issues: the power to tax OR the power to create money OR the power to have a military.

Discuss 1 (ONE) of these branches of government under the Constitution: legislative OR executive OR judiciary.

Discuss the influence of the 1 (ONE) of these factions on the Constitution: creditors OR large states OR slaveholders and their keeping their supply of slaves.

Discuss the influence of the 1 (ONE) of these factions on the Constitution: small states OR merchants OR slaveholders and their having representation in the national government.

Compare the powers of the Constitution and the events that happen in the 1st administrations of Washington and/or Adams on 1 (ONE) of these issues: the national bank OR tariffs OR the national debt

Compare the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution on 1 (ONE) of these issues: how to respond to a rebellion against the government OR how to make a treaty with another nation OR how to tax.





Copyright C. J. Bibus, Ed.D. 2003-2016


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History – Dr. Bibus

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