All Possible Questions You Will Find in Reading Quiz B

These questions are used as quizzes. These questions are also 1/3 of the questions for the objective part of the Exam that ends Unit 1, with the other 2/3rds coming from the two other quizzes in this Unit.


These questions are from Chapter 17 and 18.




Among the most famous of authors of the Gilded Age is this person who wrote such books as The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and Adventures of Huckleberry Finn  and who even named the age:

a. Horatio Alger

*b. Mark Twain

c. Thomas Nast

d. Helen Hunt Jackson

e. Herbert Spencer




The philosophy known as Social Darwinism

a. is associated with Herbert Spencer

b. held that "survival of the fittest," a term Spencer coined, applied to people

c. was supported by the Social Gospel movement

*d. both a and b




Social Gospel adherents concentrated their efforts on

*a. providing assistance to slum residents.

b. helping working men battle alcohol addiction.

c. preaching the gospel to business leaders.

d. bringing prostitution to an end.




In 1890, the Census Bureau announced that

*a. America no longer had a real frontier.

b. most Americans lived in urban areas.

c. California had surpassed New York in population.

d. both a and b




Middle-class women, frequently in women's clubs, supported various reform movements, such as:

a. Groups working with women and children in slums, providing legal services to help mothers and children, and trying to improve the working conditions of women workers

b. Settlement houses, such as Hull House founded by Jane Addams, to bring reformers to live in the slums to help assimilate immigrants

c. Women’s Christian Temperance Union, led by its president Francis Williard, with its goal of ending consumption of alcohol.

*d. all of the above.




Representative of the reform in the Gilded Age and of the strength of the Prohibition movement was this President of the Women’s Christian Temperance Union:

a. Jane Addams  

b. Helen Hunt Jackson  

*c. Francis Willard  

d. Thomas Nast  

e. Herbert Spencer




Which of the following was not a complaint of farmers?

a. Railroad rates were too high.

b. Railroads discriminated against farmers in favor of middlemen and manufacturers.

c. Farmers wanted more currency in circulation.

*d. Farmers wanted to reduce the number of farmers and farms.

e. All of these were complaints of farmers.




Complaints of western farmers were vocalized by the

a. Republicans.

*b. Populists.

c. Socialists.

d. Democrats.

e. none of the above




Which of the following was not one of the Ocala demands?

a. a subtreasury system

b. regulation of transportation facilities

c. free and unlimited coinage of silver

*d. abolition of the income tax

e. direct election of senators



Which of the following was passed shortly after President Garfield's assassination, in part because of his assassination?

a. Bland-Allison Act

b. Dawes Severalty Act

*c. Pendleton Civil Service Act

d. Chinese Exclusion Act

e. Interstate Commerce Act




The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 barred Chinese from moving into

a. California.

b. New Mexico.

c. New York.

d. Massachusetts.

*e. the United States.




Most "new immigrants" to the United States in the late 1800s

*a. were from Southern and Eastern Europe.

b. entered the United States at Boston Harbor.

c. were quickly assimilated into the dominant society.

d. were from Northern and Western Europe.




As the number of immigrants increased in the late 1800s

a. most Americans welcomed the newcomers into their communities.

b. many found it necessary to move into the Southwest to obtain land.

*c. prejudice and religious intolerance increased.

d. Catholics began to get more involved in politics.




The Dawes Act of 1887

a. attempted to divide reservations into single farms.

b. planned to use farm ownership to "civilize" the Native Americans.

c. made more land available to whites.

*d. all of the above.




The individual associated with Menlo Park laboratory for inventing, electrical lighting, and invention of the phonograph is:

a. Alexander Graham Bell

*b. Thomas Edison

c. Joseph Glidden

d. George Westinghouse




Buchanan Duke made his fortune by mechanizing part of this industry (one that was in the South since the colonial era).

a. banking 

b. railroads  

c. steel  

d. oil  

*e. tobacco




John D. Rockefeller made his fortune in

a. banking.  

b. railroads.  

c. steel.  

*d. oil.  

e. tobacco




Andrew Carnegie, who dominated the steel industry, worked to achieve vertical integration in his business, which meant

a. allowing blacks the same access to jobs as whites.

b. working hard to continually become more productive.

*c. controlling all aspects of an industry.

d. building ever larger and taller buildings.




Many people associated the Haymarket affair with labor violence, resulting in

*a. losses in membership for most unions.

b. a purge of union radicals from leadership positions.

c. a complete restructuring of the unions so they would seem more orderly.

d. the outlawing of national unions.

e. both a and c



The American Federation of Labor

a. became heavily involved in the politics of the time.

*b. excluded the majority of industrial workers.

c. embraced immigrant laborers.

d. never gained more than 100,000 members.




The union that embraced women, blacks, and agricultural workers, as well as workers from various skilled crafts, was the

a. American Federation of Labor.

b. National Labor Union.

*c. Knights of Labor.

d. American Railway Union.

e. Ladies Garment Union.




The __________ industry was the first to confront large-scale labor issues.

a. oil  

b. steel  

*c. railroad 

d. farm equipment  

e. textile




In the case of Munn v. Illinois, the Supreme Court ruled that __________ were legal.

a. monopolies

*b. regulatory commissions

c. pools

d. rebates

e. trusts




The federal government's first attempt to regulate the railroads was to

*a. pass the Interstate Commerce Act.

b. adopt higher tariffs against foreign competition.

c. pass the National Reclamation Act to determine a fair price for railroad services.

d. prosecute railroad magnates such as Cornelius Vanderbilt for abuses.

e. pass a law outlawing monopolies.




The South faced many problems after the Civil War, including

a. decimation of its forests with the growth of the lumber industry.

b. low wages in its few factories.

c. a lack of necessary capital for investment.

*d. both b and c




In the years following the end of Reconstruction, "Redeemers" sought to

a. keep the South from becoming industrialized.

b. join with "Readjusters" in fighting for more public services.

c. help blacks in the South gain more rights.

*d. bring urbanization and development to the "New South."




For African Americans in the South, the post-Reconstruction era included

a. an increase in tenant farming and sharecropping.

b. an increase in violence.

c. an increase in segregation laws.

d. continuing discrimination.

*e. all of the above




In the segregated South, blacks faced

a. separate railroad cars and public facilities.

b. literacy requirements and poll taxes designed to keep them from voting.

c. lynchings and other forms of violence.

d. housing and job discrimination.

*e. all of the above




The Colored Alliance died out after a strike among black cotton pickers in Arkansas resulted in

a. blacks being barred from the cotton fields.

b. the imprisonment of the leader, Ben Patterson.

*c. the lynchings of fifteen strikers

d. both a and c


Tip: What is a lynching and who does it? Why would local government let this happen?




Captain Alfred T. Mahan, a leading American imperialist, pushed the United States government to

a. construct a strong army.

b. build a canal across Mexico. 

c. curtail foreign commerce. 

*d. build a strong navy.




Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii attempted to throw Americans out of Hawaii after

a. missionaries began to intermarry with the Hawaiian people.

b. American settlers usurped power from the Hawaiians and basically took over the government.

c. the McKinley tariff of 1890 virtually destroyed Hawaii's sugar-based economy.

*d. both b and c


These questions are in some cases based on questions in the test database for American Passages.



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