Unit 1: Creating a New America from 1860 to 1913 (Chapters 16-19)

Study Guide

The Objective Exam consists primarily of multiple choice questions drawn from the terms below. The time is 30 minutes. The total value is 100 points. There are 25 questions each at 4 points. Reminder: Unit 1 consists of Chapters 16-19. The word Chapter refers to numbered parts a) of your textbook and b) to the specific Blackboard learning module for that chapter. Blackboard learning modules have a Table of Contents on the left that let you see all of the resources available so you can click on the one you want. All chapters have links from your instructor and a folder containing specific primaries. Some also include resources such as maps.  


The 5 Ws rule is a good guide to understanding the items below: you should know Who, What, When, Where, and Why—and sometimes How.  You can look up these individual items in the textbook index at the back of the book or find them covered next to an item listed below. Instructor’s links provide visuals, usually in tables, that let you compare information so you can quickly see similarities and differences (such as items 28-31).

Key background on the future

1.        13th amendment

2.        Defeat of the South, but Andrew Johnson

3.        Southern black codes and race riots

4.        “due process” and states
- 1st as Civil Right Act
- 2nd as 14th amendment

5.        Citizenship and the 14th amendment
- and why necessary

6.        Civil Rights Act of 1873

7.        Supreme Court on that case


Events in the Gilded Age

8.        Attributes of Gilded Age – child labor, urban growth, electricity and consequences on industry and cities, resources in the US (power, natural resources), and immigration

9.        Robber Barons

10.     Rockefeller and his industry

11.     Carnegie and his industry

12.     Horizontal integration

13.     Vertical integration

14.     Trust

15.     Sherman Anti-Trust Act

16.     Financial capitalism

17.     J.P. Morgan

18.     1st billion dollar corporation

19.     Republican party, early years of Gilded Age – pro-business, pro-protective tariff, lobbying of, bribing of, “sound money”

20.     South and West farmers, anti-protective tariff since sell in free market and buy in protected one (what’s the consequence?)

21.     Average work week for laborers

22.     Policy about men and women, skilled and unskilled, immigrants, white citizens, African American citizens, anarchism by:
-  American Federation of Labor
-  Knights of Labor

23.     Western settlement and government support (reminder: transcendental railroad, military, and these Indian policies:
- Grant era – Indian Peace Commission and reservations
- 1887 – Dawes Severalty Act and subdividing their lands into small farms (of poor land) and selling the rest to whites.

24.     Crop-lien system, results of

25.     Traits of segregation in the South after 1880

26.     Willington Insurrection - before, during, and after – Note: McKinley’s response to the blacks’ appeal for help

27.     Policies about Chinese, ban on immigration

28.     W. E. B. Du Bois – views, “ceaseless agitation,” NAACP founder

29.     B. T. Washington, views, statements at the Atlantic Compromise.

30.     Urban life – tenements, diseases and the new field of Public Health (See the primaries in Chapter 18.), urban transportation (cable cars, elevated cars, trolleys, etc.)

31.     Charles Darwin

32.     Social Gospel

33.     Social Darwinism (not Charles Darwin’s ideas)
- Herbert Spenser
- survival of the fittest

34.      “new immigration” – religions and locations in Europe

35.     Revival of nativism

36.     Gilded Age government (corporate-dominated, bribery, bossism in city government)

37.     Populists, beginnings as Grangers and Granger laws and Farmers Alliance (in South and West), state laws about railroads

38.     Interstate Commerce Act

39.     Pendleton Civil Service Act – and Garfield and spoils system

40.     Republican Party, “sound money” as opposition to Populists

41.     Election of 1892, regions and races supporting Populists

42.     Election of 1892, success of Populists as a 3rd party

43.     Election of 1896, Republicans’ methods (Mark Hanna), Democrats’ “dark horse” W.J. Bryan, and the Cross of Gold Speech

44.     Plessy vs. Ferguson

45.     Supreme Court on that case

46.     Justice Harlan on that case

47.     Alfred Thayer Mahon, Influence of Sea Power

48.     Alaska, Seward’s Folly, and later value

49.     Social Darwinism

50.     19th century imperialism and supports from prior movements like manifest destiny

51.     Yellow journalism, Pulitzer and Hearst

52.     Hawaii. coup by Sanford Dole and proposed annexation
- and President Grover Cleveland
- and President William McKinley

53.     Rough Riders

54.     Cuba and Teller Amendment

55.     Territories gained from Spanish American War

56.     Cuba and Platt Amendment and Guantanamo

57.     Samoa and US—and Germany

58.     Open Door Policy, Secretary of State John Hayes

59.     Philippines, resistance to US

60.     Philippines and Anti-Imperialist League (See Chapter 19 Primaries).

61.     Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine

62.     Panama Canal, T. Roosevelt

63.     “Dollar Diplomacy” and Taft

64.     Blockade of Mexico, Wilson


The Concept Exam consists of primarily of multiple choice questions drawn from the list of all concepts in the Required Concepts folder. The time is 25 minutes. The total value is 50 points. There are 10 questions each at 4 points. There is a short answer question worth 10 points. (FYI: I create my tests in sets so they vary for students.)

Link to the items with asterisks


The Written Exam consists of 1 essay done in Blackboard’s essay tool. The time is 45 minutes to allow time to cite specific page numbers from the required textbook. You must cite the page number for each fact you use. I will grade your answer side by side with the textbook—I will know easily whether you read and wrote with care. The total value is 50 points with 25 points for contents and 25 points for following all 5 Good Habits for Evidence. One week before the opening of the Unit Written Exam, I will place a list here of all possible essay questions if one or more students post in Course Questions that he or she would like to see that list. You will then know all possible questions, but you will not know which one you will be asked on your exam. (FYI: I create my tests in sets so they vary for students

Link to the questions.