Unit 2: Moving to the World Stage-America from 1890 to 1945 (Chapters 20-24)

Study Guide

The Objective Exam consists primarily of multiple choice questions drawn from the terms below. The time is 30 minutes. The total value is 100 points. There are 25 questions each at 4 points. Reminder: Unit 2 consists of Chapters 20-24. The word Chapter refers to numbered parts a) of your textbook and b) to the specific Blackboard learning module for that chapter. Blackboard learning modules have a Table of Contents on the left that let you see all of the resources available so you can click on the one you want. All chapters have links from your instructor and a folder containing specific primaries. Some also include resources such as maps.


The 5 Ws rule is a good guide to understanding the items below: you should know Who, What, When, Where, and Why—and sometimes How.  You can look up these individual items in the textbook index at the back of the book or find them covered next to an item listed below. Instructor’s links provide visuals, usually in tables, that let you compare information so you can quickly see similarities and differences (such as items 28-31).

Reminder: we dealt with foreign policy through 1914 in Unit 1.

1.        Reforms in government

·          City– commission, city manager

·          State – initiative, referendum, recall, direct primary; “laboratories of change,” Robert LaFollette

2.        Reformers in the press – McClure’s Magazine

3.        Reformers in the press -  Ida Tarbell, Upton Sinclair, Lincoln Stephens (Notice the areas they investigated)

4.        Reformers in the religious movement called the Social Gospel - Washington Gladden, Walter Raschenbusch

5.        City reform – Jane Addams of Hull House; city facilities – clean water, sewage/trash removal, mass transit

6.        But continued racism (Anti-immigrant, Anti-black)

7.        Populist reforms to the Constitution and the Progressives’ 16th and 17th amendments (Notice their purposes.)

8.        Scientific management, Frederick Taylor

9.        Theodore Roosevelt’s terms (TR), Republican

·          His actions with trusts - Northern Securities case

·          His good and bad trusts (their support for the “public interest,” not special interests)

·          Square Deal and the coal strike

·          3 Cs – conservation, corporation control, consumerism

10.     William Howard Taft, Republican, political fight with TR

11.     Election of 1912

·          Theodore Roosevelt, New Nationalism (including rejecting of even minimum support for blacks)

·          Woodrow Wilson, New Freedom

·          Plus Taft and E.V. Debs

12.     Woodrow Wilson

·          Political party

·          His actions with trusts – Federal Trade Commission

·          Federal Reserve

·          Underwood Simmons Tariff and the income tax

·          Segregation in DC government

13.     Wilson’s lack of background in foreign policy

14.     Outbreak of the Great War in Europe (later World War I) – notice Allies and Central Powers at the beginning of the war

15.     Technology and the war (flame throwers, land and sea mines, tanks, submarines, poison gas)

16.     Participation by women (and what happened  post-war)

17.     Migration (Great Migration from the South to the North by blacks; Latino migration to big cities of US)

18.     US entry into the war, including Zimmerman Note (AKA Telegram)

19.     Draft; control of agriculture, of industry, of railroads

20.     Alien and Espionage Acts

21.     14 Points (Wilson’s goals of freedom of Seas, the League of Nations, self-determination of nations)

22.     Nicholai Lenin/Bolsheviks

23.     Treaty of Versailles (war guilt clause) – notice Senator Henry Cabot Lodge and what the US did with that treaty

24.     Post-Great War in the US

·          isolationism

·          Racial hostilities

·          Strikes including by steel

·          Unemployment and economic fears

·          Bombings and domestic fears

25.     Economic, tech, and social changes dividing the US in the 1920s (Henry Ford, $5 a day, assembly line + societal changes; Sigmund Freud; Flappers; Scopes Trial; Sacco and Vanzetti Trial; 1924 Immigration law; decline in unionization)

26.     Presidencies in the 1920s Republicans W.G. Harding (“return to normalcy” and Calvin Coolidge (the “business of America is business

27.     Trends in the 1920s - wage gap between rich and poor; productivity increases, but not wages; market saturation (more products than consumers)

28.     1928 Republican Herbert Hoover, 1929 Great Depression begins;  Hoover’s volunteerism and his Reconstruction Finance Corporation

29.     Bonus Expeditionary March

30.     Deportation of Mexican-Americans including those born here

31.     F.D. Roosevelt (FDR), inaugural March 1933 - Chart of causes of the Great Depression and New Deal response – all yellow items

32.     Fascism (Germany, Italy, Japan); Communism (USSR, later China)

33.     Neville Chamberlain and Sudetenland and Munich appeasement

34.     Poland and Germany and Russia

35.     Japanese internment

36.     Consequences of World War II on American workers and on women

37.     Isolationism and Destroyers for Bases and Lend-Lease

38.     Pacific campaign: Quadalcanal and leapfrogging campaign

39.     Normandy and Dwight David Eisenhower

40.     Atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

41.     Harry Truman

The Concept Exam consists of primarily of multiple choice questions drawn from the list of all concepts in the Required Concepts folder. The time is 25 minutes. The total value is 50 points. There are 10 questions each at 4 points. There is a short answer question worth 10 points. (FYI: I create my tests in sets so they vary for students.)

The concepts list with asterisks beside concepts on the exam



The Written Exam consists of 1 essay done in Blackboard’s essay tool. The time is 45 minutes to allow time to cite specific page numbers from the required textbook. You must cite the page number for each fact you use. I will grade your answer side by side with the textbook—I will know easily whether you read and wrote with care. The total value is 50 points with 25 points for contents and 25 points for following all 5 Good Habits for Evidence. One week before the opening of the Unit Written Exam, I will place a list here of all possible essay questions if one or more students post in Course Questions that he or she would like to see that list. You will then know all possible questions, but you will not know which one you will be asked on your exam. (FYI: I create my tests in sets so they vary for students.

Possible questions on the written exam with instructions for citing