Study Tool: Chronological Events of the 1921-1929 Era

For the 1920s, the only events listed in the chronology are those not covered in the Snapshot link.



Presidential Election/Event

Beyond America/ Foreign Policy

Government Institutions

US Economic Development

Issue/Organization Development

Political Party Development



Washington Naval Conference – quotas (disarmament), Open Door in the Pacific, territorial status quo

General Accounting Office (GAO) – independent audit for Congress

Bureau of Budget[1] in Executive Branch

Federal Highway Act

Sacco-Vanzetti case begins


Harlem Renaissance – this decade






1922-1926 – speculation

Buying on “margin”


Democratic gain


Harding dies; Coolidge President



1922-1929 -stagnant wages

Growing isolationism

Immigration Act of 1924




Reparation plan; loans to Germany – Notice the debt-reparations cycle and how the U.S. is involved

Congressional investigations – scandals. Examples: Teapot Dome, Daugherty actions

Plan for agricultural relief to help farmers (See McNary-Haugen)

1924 – Klan – est. 4-4.5 M






Veterans Bonus Bill to  help veterans of World War I -  passed over Coolidge veto



Calvin Coolidge vs. John W. Davis vs. Robert LaFollette





Republican win






Scopes Trial





McNary-Haugen,  legislation to help farmers - passed by Congress

Reduction in income tax, estate tax to help the wealthy (Revenue Act)

Klan March on Washington




Dwight W. Morrow – oil protections for corporation

Mc-Nary-Haugen – vetoed by Coolidge

Market saturation starts

- Consumer spending

- Cars

- Houses


Sacco-Vanzetti case -commission investigates; execution



Coolidge withdraws








Kellogg-Briand Pact – “outlawry of war” – 62 nations sign






Herbert Hoover vs. Al Smith




Republican win

Klan attack on Smith



Repudiation of Roosevelt Corollary (Theodore Roosevelt’s policy); beginning of the Good Neighbor policy[2]









Loans of 2/3rd of face value stock to buy stock





Copyright C. J. Bibus, Ed.D. 2003-2016


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[1] Now called OMB (White House Office of Management and Budget), a powerful organization able to control through its “circulars” regulatory and purchasing actions of all organizations under the Executive Branch

[2] These actions are under Hoover’s administration (a Republican administration); he repudiates the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine of Theodore Roosevelt (a Republican) and initiates the Good Neighbor Policy.


The next administration is under a Democrat, Franklin Delano Roosevelt; he also does what Hoover did.