Supporting Information on Ethnicity

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Definition of Hispanic and Latino

The Ethnicity estimates of the population are produced for the United States, states, and counties by the Population Esimates Program and the ethnicity estimates of the population are produced for Puerto Rico, muncipios (county-equivalents for Puerto Rico), places, zona urbanas and comunidades (place-equivalents for Puerto Rico), and minor civil divisions by the American Community Survey.

The U.S. Census Bureau adheres to the U.S. Office of Management and Budget’s (OMB) definition of ethnicity. There are two minimum categories for ethnicity:

·         Hispanic or Latino

·         and Not Hispanic or Latino.[bullets and bold added]


OMB considers race and Hispanic origin to be two separate and distinct concepts. Hispanics and Latinos may be of any race. Thus, the percent Hispanic should not be added to percentages for racial categories.


2000 Census Showing Changes in the 1990s

Childbearing patterns differ greatly among racial and ethnic groups. Averaging 2.4 births by age 40 to 44, Hispanics were the only group reaching the end of their childbearing years with more births than the number required for natural replacement.


About 10 percent of Americans are foreign born — less than the highest share this century (15 percent in 1910), but more than the lowest (5 percent in 1970).


Since 1970, the composition of the foreign-born population has changed dramatically. Between 1970 and 1999,

·         the share of foreign-born U.S. residents from Europe dropped from 62 percent to16 percent.

·         Over the same period, the share of the foreign-born from Asia tripled, from 9 percent to 27percent,

·         and the share from Latin America increased from 19 percent to 51 percent. In 1999, two-thirds of foreign-born Latin Americans were from Central America and Mexico. [bullets and bold added]


2010 Census Showing Changes in the 1st Decade of the Century

Data from the 2010 Census provide insights to our racially and ethnically diverse nation. According to the 2010 Census, 308.7 million people resided in the United States on April 1, 2010—an increase of 27.3 million people, or 9.7 percent, between 2000 and 2010. The vast majority of the growth in the total population came from increases in those

·         who reported their race(s) as something other than White alone

·         and those who reported their ethnicity as Hispanic or Latino. [bullets and bold added]


More than half of the growth in the total population of the United States between 2000 and 2010 was due to the increase in the Hispanic population.



Tip: I will have to look for this data point that I saw over the last month, but these populations are mixed. Our kids are mixes.