Evidence-Based Grading of History, Natural Evidence-Based Grading and Experts in Your Future. and Your Choosing to Become an Expert

A Brief Guess about Why. 1

Experts and the 5 Good Habits for Evidence. 1

The Evidence Acknowledgement Quiz and Your Questions. 1

Issues in Class. 1

Content Issues and How to Deal with Them– have some other issues to type. 1

The Rubric and Your Graded Paper. 1

The Rubric and Your Peer Review and What You Do. 1


A Brief Guess about Why

Before instructors graded this way without having to work at it. What may be different:

·         Few sources in local library to copy/read from

·         No Internet to easily copy/read from

·         Segregation of smartest women—those who wanted to think about their disciplines_in the public high school

·         And there is more


Experts and the 5 Good Habits for Evidence



The Evidence Acknowledgement Quiz and Your Questions

1.       The History Department requires that all history courses require 25% of the course grade be for written assignments. With a 1000-point course like this one, that mean writing assignments consist of 250 points. The math shows (and there is a link in the Course Plan to help you realize this), you must try to do writing assignments if you want to make even a C.


2.       Your instructor requires that you:


3.       Your instructor takes a long time to grade because she grades every written assignment that every student does side-by-side with the page of the textbook or the page from the primary that the student cited.


4.       Question 2 and question 3 together mean that not only can the instructor easily recognize if you used a source other than the required ones, but also she can quickly prove that you did.


One major event that lead to the American Revolution was the sugar act. The British government had a policy known as Mercantilism which is idea that trade generates wealth, this policy lead the British government to form new ideas on how to enhance their treasury. (Essentials p,112) This was when the Sugar act came to be. This act imposed a tax of six pence per gallon of molasses. (Essentials p, 122) The British Government also came up with the Stamp act which imposed all American colonists to pay a tax on ever piece of printed paper they used. (Essentials p, 125) These new policies angered the colonists to the point were they responded violently and added to the big conflict of the American Revolution. (Essentials p, 125)





5.       Question 2 and Question 3 together mean that the instructor can easily recognize and quickly prove if you copied the words from our required sources without quotation marks. According to standard rules for evidence, your doing that means you plagiarized or, at a minimum, did what the Bedford Handbook calls “half-copy” plagiarism.


Background: lovely student who was trying to replace her habit of just passively moving words around. She said her English teacher said it was right. I knew her English teacher so….

spinning, sewing, and weaving and my label of it as h-copy

spinning, sewing, and weaving – she could have avoid “half-copy” plagiarism if she had not written it or used only 1 example or if she had quoted it exactly “spinning, weavng, or sewing.”

 Caution: The fundamental problem with “half-copy” plagiarism is not a little bit of cheating but a lot of not paying attention.






If the writer/speaker

Would a teacher expert in composition notice?

Would a boss who pays you who is expert in the business notice?

Would a upper-level professor who can write a letter of reference for you and who is expert in the discipline notice?

Would an instructor using my method notice?

Will you notice if you use my method with peer review?

GH1: used reliable source






GH2: used a source page that fits the question






GH3: proofed every rigorously






GH4: plagiarized or “half-copy” plagiarized






GH5: changed the meaning of the author or made the author incompetent with language








6.       When you do any written assignment, you need to do everything listed in Question 2.


7.       When you do peer reviews (work that earns large points in this course) and if you want those large points, you must look for everything listed in Question 2 and you must grade using the same method explained in Question 3.


8.       Question 2 and Question 3 together—an admitted accident—combined with my long experience in academia and industry where people had to understand new things meant that your instructor realized that any teacher using this method can give the same type of feedback on your understanding of reality that you will experience from:


9.       Question 2 (actually the 5 Good Habits for Evidence) and Question 3 together plus the content already required by the History Department let you practice habits for figuring out something small that requires similar habits needed for larger tasks such as:


10.   What is different in these history assignments from the real world is that:


11.   Your instructor is willing to try to help every student because practicing these habits can make every student’s future easier. Just ask.


12.   You earn 12 extra credit points. If you do not try to follow the 5 Good Habits for Evidence in your writing, you may lose these points. (With distance learning classes, students cannot see written assignments with Turnitin or Blackboard's exam tool for writing if they have not made those 12 points.)


Issues in Class

On your paper:

·         Highlighted colors

·         % on your paper

·         Handwriting – for you but also for me (why?)

·         Grammar and mechanics – you can succeed without these – will type tips

Content Issues and How to Deal with Them– have some other issues to type

·         Word responsibility – the obligation to act (see State of Illinois) but notice a governor’s powers in 1895

·         Impartial witness – closest thing is Altgeld

The Rubric and Your Graded Paper


·         If you have marks in the “F” and/or “D” columns, the highest you could make is 15, a D. BUT see the offer in the small box on the right of the rubric.

·         The 15 + that full 25 for the Good Habits for Evidence = 40, a B (80% of 50 = 40)


1st Primary Writing ___ out of 25points for content. Its Good Habits for Evidence __ out of 25.      



"F" Paper Criteria

"D" Paper Criteria

"C" Paper Criteria

"B" Paper Criteria

"A" Paper Criteria



Reading FOR Evidence (60%)

1: Used an unreliable source.  2: Used an incorrect or incomplete part of the source required for the question asked.  2&3: Assumed.

2: Misread or read passively.  3: Made errors such as cherry-picking facts or embellishing facts.

Accurately read the parts, but did not try to evaluate or to synthesize the interconnections.

Accurately read the parts and analyzed each one. Tried to evaluate and synthesize interconnections.

Accurately read the parts and analyzed each one. Evaluated and synthesized the interconnections.



Writing WITH Evidence (30%)

2: Did not answer all parts of the question. 
2&3: Wrote assumptions.

3: Did not cite accurately and according to the directions.

5. Used "" inaccurately and changed meaning.

2. Wrote passively.

4. Plagiarized or did “half-copy” plagiarism (also called “patchwrite”).
5. Used "" inaccurately, including making the author's sentences look grammatically incorrect.

Only summarized separately each of the parts of the question, but did not cover interconnections.

Revealed each part and covered some interconnections. Provided few examples.

Understood each part and revealed the parts’ interconnections. Provided clear and representative examples.



Following Directions for Evidence (5%)

Did not follow directions above or with the questions (such as maximum length).

Did not follow directions.

Followed the directions. 

Followed the directions carefully.

Followed the directions exactly.



Mechanics (Language and Punctuation) (5%)

Many mechanical errors.

Several mechanical errors.

Two or more mechanical errors.

One or more mechanical errors.

No more than one minor mechanical error.







Grade for its Good Habits for Evidence:

*  0 = If any marks in “D” or “F” columns

* full points = If no marks in “D” or “F” 


Grade for the content: If you made a “C” or “B” or “A,” you also had no marks in the “D” or “F” columns. You also earn full points for the Good Habits for Evidence.



Directions:. If a # is underlined in the rubric, put an X below. Example: If your instructor underlined 1. Used an unreliable source on your rubric, then put an X beside Habit 1 below. You also go look at Habit 1’s preventions. Tip: It is in Evidence Requirements.



If You Made a 0 on the 5 Good Habits for Evidence, you can earn full points for the Good Habits for Evidence if you come to talk to your instructor




Habit 1. Reliable Sources Only 



Habit 2. Factual Accuracy That You Verify with the Reliable Source Before You Write



Habit 3. Factual Accuracy That Is Verifiable for Every Statement You Make



Habit 4. No “Half-Copy” Plagiarism or “Patchwriting”



Habit 5. Quotation Changes Revealed Clearly