Evidence Quiz 4 - The 5 Good Habits for Evidence and Its Rubric and How Both Can Help You – See Yellow for Attempts to Be More Specific

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What Are the 5 Good Habits for Evidence?. 1

Grading Rubric and the 5 Good Habits for Evidence. 3

What Are the 5 Good Habits for Evidence?

Years ago a student asked me what could he do to prevent errors with evidence? He was involved with tennis and he used an analogy. He said “I need to know how to hold the racket.” I told him that I would try. I started out with about 10 things and got it down to these 5.  The right column has really common sense tips. Some came from my 4th grade teacher, others from a wonderful professor in a junior college, a few (but they were good) from my dissertation director, and many from colleagues on job. This may be different for some of you, but you can do this.


Good Habits As Common Sense Actions You Can Do

Links to Practical Examples for Each Good Habit

Use only the sources that your prof or boss considers reliable, especially any you are told to use.

Habit 1. Reliable Sources Only  

Pay attention.

1.       Read the question and notice its parts. What is the boss or prof asking you to do?

2.       Read the right part and all the parts of the sources that you are told to use.

3.       Let the source “talk” to you. Listen as though your grade or job depend on your figuring this out.


Caution: Repeating and collecting words is not figuring something out.

Habit 2. Factual Accuracy That You Verify with the Reliable Source Before You Write 

Plan your writing:

1.       When you think that you have figured out what the sources mean and what happened, then decide what you must “teach.”

2.       You do not need to teach everything, but everything you teach must be true:

·         Never cherry-pick

·         Never embellish


These 2 words and others are defined at the bottom of the Evidence Quizzes folder.

Habit 3. Factual Accuracy That Is Verifiable for Every Statement You Make


This may also help you: Three Frequently Asked Questions about Citing

Create your own simple words; do not steal another’s words. If you use another’s words, you must:

·         Use “”(quotation marks) marks accurately

·         Cite – show ownership accurately


Do not:

·         Plagiarize

·         “Half-copy” plagiarize or “patchwrite”


Look at examples of both at the bottom of the Evidence Quizzes folder.

Habit 4. No “Half-Copy” Plagiarism or “Patchwriting” 


This may also help you:  Why I Make a Big Deal about Plagiarism and Patchwriting 

When using “” (quotation marks), protect your reputation by being careful with the author’s reputation.


Do not use "" inaccurately and:

·         Make the author's sentences look grammatically incorrect.

·         Change the author’s meaning (the bigger error)

Habit 5. Quotation Changes Revealed Clearly  


Grading Rubric and the 5 Good Habits for Evidence  - I will change Turnitin to match this. Yellow indicates attempts to be clearer.

I have used a 5 Good Habits for Evidence rubric since years ago when 1st student asked me how to prevent problems with evidence. You will find a few definitions at the bottom. The Directions Criteria refers to the instructions from two documents that you were to use and that I have numbered so all requirements pop out:

·         #1 to #6 (including those with a through e) in the link How to Do Writing-#1 or Writing-#2General requirements for both writings. Link Address: http://www.cjbibus.com/Instructions_for_All_Formal_Writing_Assignments_1301.htm

·         #1 to #4 (including those with a through c or e) in the link How to Do Writing-#1 Specific requirements for Writing-#1. Link Address: http://www.cjbibus.com/Specific_Details_for_Writing-1_1301.htm


Do notice that Directions has always had the Weight of 25% of each level of grade.


Criteria for A Paper

89.5 to 100%

Criteria for B Paper

79.5 to 89.4%

Criteria for C Paper

69.5 to 79.4%

Criteria for D Paper

59.5 to 69.40%

Criteria for F Paper

0 to 59.4%

Reading FOR Evidence (Weight 40%)

Accurately read the parts. Analyzed each one. Evaluated possible changes.

Accurately read the parts. Analyzed each one. Tried to evaluate possible changes.

Accurately read the parts. Summarized only. Did not analyze. Did not try to evaluate possible changes.

Misread or read passively (Habit 2). Made errors such as cherry-picking facts or embellishing facts (Habit 3).

Assumed (Habit 2). Used an unreliable source (Habit 1) or an incorrect or incomplete part of the source required for the question asked (Habit 2).

Writing WITH Evidence (Weight 30%)

Clearly revealed each part of the question and their possible changes. Used representative examples.

Revealed each part of the question and some possible changes. Used a few examples.

Only summarized separately each part of the question. Did not cover possible changes.

Wrote passively (Habit 2). Plagiarized or did “half-copy” plagiarism/ “patchwriting” (Habit 4). Used "" inaccurately and made the author’s writing grammatically incorrect (Habit 5).

Wrote assumptions (Habit 2). Did not answer all parts of the question (Habit 2). Used "" inaccurately and changed meaning (Habit 5).

Directions (Weight 25%)

Followed exactly all directions from #1 to #6 and from #1 to #4.

Followed most directions from #1 to #6 and from #1 to #4.

Followed some directions from #1 to #6 and from #1 to #4.

Followed a few directions from #1 to #6 and from #1 to #4.

Did not follow directions from #1 to #6 and from #1 to #4.

Mechanics (Weight 5%)

No more than one minor error.

One or more mechanical errors.

Two or more mechanical errors.

Several mechanical errors.

Many mechanical errors.


Definitions from Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary Link Address: https://www.merriam-webster.com/

·         Analysis  = “a detailed examination of anything complex in order to understand its nature or to determine its essential features”


·         Analyze = “to study or determine the nature and relationship of the parts of (something) by analysis


·         Change = “to make different in some particular” or perhaps “to make radically different”


·         Evaluate = “to determine the significance… of usually by careful appraisal and study”



Copyright C. J. Bibus, Ed.D. 2003-2019


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