Student # 30

1) Look at the student’s work.

Standard Oil and John D. Rockefeller

 Standard Oil and John D. Rockefeller John D Rockefeller achieved success in the 1800s through his rugged individualism, use of monopolies, and frugal buisness practices. John D. Rockefeller's work ethics effectively conveyed the ideology of Rugged Individualism, the duty of every individual to "pull themselves up by their own bootstraps". He was a frugal businessman who shaved unneeded resources in every aspect of his company to strengthen his bottom line, often . He created monopolies through horizontal and vertical integration. Controlled every aspect from creating, refining, shipping, to selling the oil.


2) Mark an X in the 1st column if you can answer any of these questions about this student’s work.



Did the student read and write the facts accurately? Can you prove it?



Did the student write in his own words? Or did the student do what The Bedford Handbook calls “unacceptable borrowing” or plagiarism? Can you prove it?



Did the student use facts not in the common source—or rely on memory or perhaps make up something? Can you prove it?



Did the student seem to understand the facts? Can you prove it?


3) Now click on the link to the right of this one. Using that link, compare the student’s work with the source that the student used. If your answer to a question above is different, mark an X in the 2nd column.








Part of the presentation Hidden Barriers to Critical Thinking: Assessment and Solutions

A & M Assessment Conference, February 2010

Available at


WCJC Department:

History – Dr. Bibus

Contact Information:

281.239.1577 or

Last Updated:


WCJC Home: