What We Will Cover as New England, the Middle Colonies, and the South Develop in the last half of 1600s and first half of 1700s

1.    What continues in the colonies

·         Legislative/representative assemblies and the power to tax (“power of the purse”)- a quick table 

·         Voting by male colonists (not women)

·         Mercantilism in Europe (and England, after 1707 called Great Britain) assumed national security required a nation-state had to control trade:

·   By its colonies

·   With its colonies:

2.    Major intellectual movements in Europe and later the English colonies:

·         Starting in the 1600s the Age of Enlightenment or the Age of Reason

·   In science Issac Newton

·   In governmental theory John Locke  - Two Treatises on Government (Also discussed as the social contract.)

·   In religion in a different way, deism

·         In the 1700s, in the colonies Ben Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and more


3.    English mercantilism, the Navigation Acts, and the colonies:

·         Using taxes to regulate (not to create income for the mother country)

·         Selling “enumerated goods” (like tobacco, rice, indigo) only to England or other colonies – Limits some colonies like Virginia

·         Requiring shipping in English ships – Opens trade to colonies who do shipping because they are English


4.    Economy of the 3 regions – Be able to distinguish their economies in these areas:

·         The staples – tobacco, rice, indigo – where? – a quick table for this and the next two

·         Who carries the goods to trading markets and who doesn’t have ships?

·         Where are the ports? What’s a port and who doesn’t have merchants?

·         Indentured servants – from where to where now? – a quick table for this and the next two

·         Headright – where was it in Lesson 2 and where is it now?

·         Slave importation – where now?
and Stono Rebellion
and slave codes? (Reminder: Lesson 2 contains primaries on this.)


5.    Education in the 3 regions– a quick table 

·         Basic education

·         Higher education


6.    Great Awakening in the colonies and England from 1730s to 1750 moving from New England
Revivals, intense, spiritual movements
Caution: this is a religious movement, but it is not anti-science.


Copyright C. J. Bibus, Ed.D. 2003-2018


WCJC Department:

History – Dr. Bibus

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281.239.1577 or bibusc@wcjc.edu

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