What the Corresponding Colors Mean in the Student Example and in the Source (the Textbook Pages)

Highlight, blue

Facts do exist for this in the source.

Highlight, pink (a reddish one on pages)

This word is from the source. A few words indicates passive reading; many words, plagiarism or “half-copy” plagiarism. Highlighting a single letter in pink (such as leave) means the student just used a different form (such as left) of a word from the source.

Highlight, yellow

This section of the source is misread or the student never read the required source. Highlighting a quotation mark () indicates the student changed the quotation without revealing the changes.

Highlight, green

Highlighting a quotation mark () indicates the student used the required quotation marks correctly.

Student 3—How the Student Changed Quotations (and the Evidence)


Student 3 wrote this answer: The Native Americans’ hunting ground grew less and less. President Grant appointed Ely Parker commissioner of Indian Affairs. The herds of the buffalo also grew smaller. The Dawes Severalty act authorized the president to survey the Native American reservation and divide by 60 acres.



The Source on the Peace Policy                                        If you want to see the whole 1st page, click here. If you want to see the whole 2nd page (showing what the student said that was actually supported by the required source), click here


The yellow highlight on the word Seneca shows what the student left out of the quotation, without revealing those changes to the reader. What the student left out—the word Seneca, the name of a tribe—was significant and the student did not seem to notice that.


Why did the word Seneca matter? Because it showed that Grant involved “reformers” and a Native American as commissioner.




The Source on the Dawes Severalty Act                                        If you want to see the whole page, click here.

The yellow highlight shows what the student changed in the quotation—without revealing those changes to the reader. Those changes were:

·         The student did not notice the word farm. The Act divided the Native Americans’ lands into “160-acre farms” forcing Native Americans to shift from hunting to farming (something hard for experienced farmers with equipment to do on the plains and impossible for impoverished hunters to do).

·         The student did not notice the quantity of 160, not 60. The Homestead Act in the 1860s started the pattern of land allotments of 160 acres for farming for whites (a quantity that was too small even for experienced farmers to succeed with on the plains).



As for the grade, both quotations are inaccurate and are not placed in context. The factual errors slide the grade to the “F” Paper Criteria column of the rubric.




Copyright C. J. Bibus, Ed.D. 2003-2014



WCJC Department:

History – Dr. Bibus

Contact Information:

281.239.1577 or bibusc@wcjc.edu

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