What the Corresponding Colors Mean in the Student Example and in the Source (the Textbook Pages)

Highlight, blue

Facts do exist for this in the source.

Highlight, pink (a reddish one on pages)

This word is from the source. A few words indicates passive reading; many words, plagiarism or “half-copy” plagiarism. Highlighting a single letter in pink (such as leave) means the student just used a different form (such as left) of a word from the source.

Highlight, yellow

This section of the source is misread or the student never read the required source. Highlighting a quotation mark () indicates the student changed the quotation without revealing the changes.

Highlight, green

Highlighting a quotation mark () indicates the student used the required quotation marks correctly.

Student 4—How the Student Worked Led to Plagiarism


Student 4 wrote this answer: The opening of the West to railroads and the spread of farmers onto the Great Plains meant that Native Americans had to fight for what they had considered theirs, and found their hunting grounds and tribal domains under siege. A majority of western settlers advocated removal or extermination of the Indian tribes.  Grant's administration pursued what became known as the “peace policy.” Specific land was assigned to be Indian reservations. If the Indians accepted the presence of church officials on the reservations, the government left them alone. Otherwise, the army would see to it that Indians stayed on the reservations. To whites, the peace policy was humane. For Native Americans, it was another in the long series of white efforts to undermine their way of life. In 1887, The Dawes Severalty Act was passed by Congress. The law authorized the president to survey Native American reservations and divide them into 160-acre farms. This land could not be sold or leased for 25 years. Any surplus land could be bought by whites. For the reformers, this law pushed Native Americans toward white civilization. 



When you look at what the student submitted above, it is almost all pink. It obvious he wrote nothing on his own. Using this method, he also did not notice significant similarities and differences between the two policies.


When you look at the color-coded pages below, you can see all of the words he copied. He did not do what The Bedford Handbook requires and that’s to identify other people’s words by placing pairs of quotation marks around them (“ at the beginning of the quotation and ”at the end). He also did not choose words for the clearest meaning.

The Source on the Peace Policy                                        If you want to see the whole page, click here.




The Source on the Dawes Severalty Act                                        If you want to see the whole page, click here.




Copyright C. J. Bibus, Ed.D. 2003-2014



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History – Dr. Bibus

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