What the Corresponding Colors Mean in the Student Example and in the Source (the Textbook Pages)

Highlight, blue

Facts do exist for this in the source.

Highlight, pink (a reddish one on pages)

This word is from the source. A few words indicates passive reading; many words, plagiarism or “half-copy” plagiarism. Highlighting a single letter in pink (such as leave) means the student just used a different form (such as left) of a word from the source.

Highlight, yellow

This section of the source is misread or the student never read the required source. Highlighting a quotation mark () indicates the student changed the quotation without revealing the changes.

Highlight, green

Highlighting a quotation mark () indicates the student used the required quotation marks correctly.


Student 1—How the Student Worked Led to Errors in the Evidence

Student 2—How the Student Worked Led to Errors in All the Evidence

You can’t just say “stuff.” You must read the required source and be sure all of your statements are supported by that evidence in the source.


Student 4—How the Worked Led to Plagiarism




In this case, no snippet from the source pages is useful because nothing in the student’s essay corresponds to the required source—or even to the time period. (Where is there evidence of use of electricity on the plains in the 1880s?)


Think about this for a moment:

·         If students can use any source, professors cannot efficiently prove that the student’s statements are factually incorrect.

·         If students must use required, reliable sources, students must prove their accuracy. This model for responsibility is closer to the business world: bosses will know if you are inaccurate or, if they believe you and if you are factually incorrect, you will face the consequences eventually.


If you want to see the pages from the source, click on the links for what our textbook says about Grant’s “Peace Policy” and about the Dawes Severalty Act.


As for the grade, the student earns a 0. (See the rubric.)


The Source on the Peace Policy                                        If you want to see the whole page, click here.

What does the yellow (fading) highlight show you in the student example and the section of the source:

·         The meaning is accept presence of church officials, not accept the church (as in converting to a religion).

·         The meaning is the army makes the Indians stay on the reservation, not the army stays on it. (The army is keeping the Indians in.)





The Source on the Dawes Severalty Act                                        If you want to see the whole page, click here.




As for the grade, the quotations are accurate, but not placed in context. They are not enough to compensate for the factual errors that slide it to the “D” Paper Criteria column of the rubric.




Copyright C. J. Bibus, Ed.D. 2003-2014



WCJC Department:

History – Dr. Bibus

Contact Information:

281.239.1577 or bibusc@wcjc.edu

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