Feedback on the 5Ws Chart

You do not turn in a 5Ws Chart for the other Comparison Topics, but consider doing one on a piece of notebook paper to help yourself observe the two time periods and how history changed.


The Requirements are right above the list of possible Comparison Topic on both the Contents link and the Instructions link. The bright yellow was a request by a student.

What You Have to Read for Each Possible Comparison and What the Terms Mean?

If you want to read dictionary definitions, you can find them beneath this link.

Reminder about the Requirements with Each of These Topics– Now in Yellow

  • You must use the exact pages in the textbook for that are listed at the top of the Contents webpage for each of these time periods.
  • You must examine only African Americans. Notice what they did, not just what was done to or for them.
  • You must examine only the South at this time, but that includes Northern actions in the South

You do 1 of the 3 choices exactly as written. In each these 3 choices for Comparison topics, make sure you meet the listed requirements above:



Both the Instructions link and the Contents link provide the bright yellow Requirements and a list of each possible Comparison Topic. The Contents link also provides ways you can avoid reading problems that other students have had so don’t deceive yourself. Use the Contents link for:

·         Below each question exactly what pages you must read—plus Cautions about things that other students have misread (Don’t deceive yourself so use the Cautions.)

·         Where helpful, a visual showing how content is interconnected or changes over time (Don’t deceive yourself so use the visual.)



1.     African Americans in the South from 1865 to 1867 compared with their condition from 1867 to 1872.


2.     African Americans in the South from 1865 to 1867 compared with their condition from 1872 to 1877.

The readings for this comparison topic are:

Time Period

What You Read in the 4th Edition Paperback (For Earlier Editions, See Below.)

African Americans in the South from 1865 to 1867

Pages 397-399, 403-407 in Chapters 15 & 16. Look for these headings:

·         “Emancipation in the South”

·         “Black Mobilization”

·         “Andrew Johnson”

·         “Johnson and the Radicals”

·         “The Reconstruction Act of 1867”

·         “Reconstruction Begins” (stops at “Despite these…”)


African Americans in the South from 1872 to 1877

Pages 423-429 in Chapter 16. Look for the “The Failure of Reconstruction” which includes

·         The Stigma of Corruption”

·         “The Resurgence of the Democrats”
Caution: the law created in the lame-duck session in 1875 is gutted by the Supreme Court in 1883.

·         “Why Reconstruction Failed.”
Caution: the use of the word segregation in text is about the future, not the period of 1872-1877.

·         “The Race for the White House



3.     African Americans in the South from 1867 to 1872 compared with their condition from 1872 to 1877.

If You Are Using the 3rd Edition Paperback or Any Earlier Version - What You Have to Read for Each Time Period

The publisher changed the organization of the textbook with the 4th edition. If you are using an earlier edition than the 4th edition, use this link to find:

·         Chapter numbers and headings for the 3rd edition and earlier editions 

Specific page numbers in the 3rd edition paperback.

Essential Background

Students fail at understanding history because they start writing before they have read enough and even tried to figure things out. The remaining things on this webpage cover where students have frequently misunderstood.

Backgrounds You Can Observe in the Table

If you want this as a printable pdf, click here.


Notice these things:


Copyright C. J. Bibus, Ed.D. 2003-2015


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History – Dr. Bibus

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