Tour of Everything You Need to Know about Essays and Evidence in This Course

This course and its requirements for essays can make your life easier—if you know what is here to help you.


This tour is meant to substitute for my talking to you and show you what I would point to if we were sitting next to you:

·         The “Hear It” link is what I’d say if I were sitting next to you. – This is said very briefly.

·         “The Basics” column is the briefest version of the content If any link is shown in the “See More” column, that link repeats part of what I said (for those who prefer written words or is information I would have shown you if I were sitting next to you. – Some links are repeated.


You can move at your own pace and use what helps you. For example, if audio does not help you but seeing the screen snippets and reading the extra link helps, do that. It is however unsafe to skip a row



This Tour is temporarily above the link named "Everything You Need for This Unit (except the maps)."



Reminder: You will have an easier time with links if you open them in a New Window. If you do not know how to do this, click here for tips. (This includes how to save these files from the Internet.) If you need help, just ask.


How Essays Work in This Course – A repeat of the information in the Tour of a Learning Module




What You See As You Take the Tour

Hear It

See It

See More



If you click on the link for possible essays for the exam that ends the Unit, what do you see in the general information at the top?

Click here

Click here

How to prepare for objective and essay exams




 If you click on the link for possible essays for the exam that ends the Unit, what do you see in the specific information for the possible topics for each question?

You know at the beginning of the Unit every possible essay question for the end of the Unit at the exam—and where to read.

Click here

Click here

What Are the 5 Requirements for Evidence in This Course—and for Many Jobs That Pay Well

What Are the 5 Requirements in Brief

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See How to Work

1. Must use reliable sources for facts (evidence)—only the textbook chosen by the History Department and the sources provided at our Course Website Do not assume about facts or embellish them.

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2. Must not copy the author’s phrases without quotation marks and must not copy the author’s sentence structure and just replace a few words. (The Bedford Handbook defines both as “half-copy” plagiarism.)

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Click here

(Number 2 and 3 are covered together because of common concepts.)

3. Must not change an author’s words without revealing the changes, especially changes that might mislead your reader about the evidence

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4. Must use a reliable source to confirm the accuracy of anything you write. If you cannot verify a fact, do not write it.

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5. Must know exactly where you found every fact you use. Do not assume the author agrees with you and just didn’t say it. If a reasonable person using a reliable dictionary and reading the entire passage would not agree that you have evidence for what you say, then neither will I.

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Copyright C. J. Bibus, Ed.D. 2003-2013


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History – Dr. Bibus

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